Running for fitness or competition might sound like a easy sport, yet up to half of all runners can get some type of injury each year. That injury may be minor and they run through the injury until it improves or it may be serious enough for them to have to stop running or jogging. The most common reason for these injuries is that the runner basically over did it. They ran too much before the body has been given time to adapt or get used to the distances being run. Every time that a load is applied to the runner it is essential to give it a rest before you apply another load by going for another run. If too much load is applied before recuperation from a earlier work out, any damage get amplified and this could progress into an injury. Rest is just as essential as the training runs and that is how fitness and strength is increased and is also how injury is avoided.
As well as the too much too soon issue, biomechanics also plays a role. This is the way that we run and different athletes do it in a different way. Different running techniques can affect different tissues in a different way and load some tissues too much, so that when running that could be enough to cause an overuse injury. For example, injuries like medial tibial stress syndrome (shin splints) can occur when the distance between the foot placement when running is too narrow. Those with this condition could benefit from running with a wider base of gait. Another common biomechanical problem in runners is tight calf muscles. When running this makes the mid-foot (arch) of the foot to collapse or flatten and can result in a a range of conditions such as plantar fasciitis to runners knee. These runners will benefit the most from a calf muscle stretching rehab plan. The treatment of running injury depends on the cause and should be geared towards that cause, whether its biomechanics to training load concerns.